Swedish

Translations into and from Swedish

Swedish is a Scandinavian language of the Indo-European group. It is the official language in Sweden and in parts of Finland. In addition to Swedish, Finnish, Yiddish, Meänkieli, both Romani and Samish are recognised minority languages in Sweden. In Finland, a linguistic law states that Swedish is an equal official language along with Finnish.

Swedish is spoken by around 8.5 million people as a native language, with around 8 million living in Sweden. The Swedes can communicate with Norwegians and Danes almost without any problems. There are regional differences, however, and therefore the Swedes in the south, in Scania in particular, have a good relationship with the Danes on account of the close affinity of their dialect with Danish.

In the first half of the 19th century, Sweden was a notable agrarian state in which 90% of the population lived from agriculture. It wasn’t until the second half of the 19th century that widespread industrialisation had begun and this would be the basis for a modern industrial society up until the world economic crisis of 1929.

Today agriculture makes up only 2% of the gross national product and the secondary sector 28%. The service industry generates 70% of the gross national product, which can be attributed to the strong growth of the public sector in recent decades. Sweden’s economy relies heavily on international trade and its main exporting countries are the USA, Germany, Norway and Great Britain.

Exporting products include engines, electric and electronics products, cars and vehicle parts. The key importing countries are Germany, Denmark and Great Britain. The share of foreign direct investment in Sweden is comparatively high. This can be attributed to a small number of companies that dominate the Swedish economy and operate internationally. Some 50 groups of affiliated companies account for two thirds of Swedish exports.

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